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Causes of Incontinence – Urinary incontinence is normal in old aged people; it is likely that the true number of people affected is much higher. Many people do not tell their doctor about their incontinence, due to embarrassment. A few people wrongly think that incontinence is a normal part of aging or that it cannot be treated. This is unfortunate, as many cases can be successfully treated or significantly improved.

Urine is a waste product made by the kidneys filter the blood. Each kidney sends recently made urine to the bladder through a tube called a ureter. The bladder acts as a storage site for urine. It extends to hold the urine until a person decides to urinate. Incontinence is the involuntary loss of urine or feces. There are different types of incontinence: stress, urge, mixed, and overflow etc. Some doctors also include functional incontinence as a fifth potential type. The treatment of urinary incontinence varies depending on the specific cause of incontinence.

What are the Causes and Types of Incontinence?

Causes of Urinary Incontinence


1. Constipation 

Constipation refers to bowel movements that are infrequent or hard to pass. The stool is regularly hard and dry. Diverse reactions may include abdominal pain, swelling, and feeling as if one has not completely passed the bowel movement. Complications from constipation may include hemorrhoids, anal fissure or fecal imp-action.

2. Stress incontinence –

Stress incontinence is the inability to control your urge to urinate in certain circumstances. It’s a genuine and embarrassing disorder and can prompt to social isolation. Any pressure placed on the abdomen and bladder can lead to the loss of urine.

It is vital to remember that the term “stress” is used in a strictly physical sense when describing stress incontinence. It refers to excessive pressure on the bladder and not emotional stress.

3. Mixed Urinary Incontinence –

This type of incontinence includes the symptoms of stress incontinence and urge incontinence together. With mixed incontinence, the problem is that the bladder is overactive (the urge to urinate is strong and frequent) and the urethra may be under active (the urine cannot be held back even without the urge to urinate).

Those with blended incontinence experience mild to moderate urine loss with physical activities (stress incontinence). At other times, they experience sudden urine loss without any warning (urge incontinence).

Urinary frequency, urgency, and nocturnal also occur. More often than not, the symptoms blend together, and the first goal of treatment is to address the part of the symptom complex that is most distressing.

4. Weak bladder muscles –

The medical term used to describe a weak bladder is urinary incontinence, and this is a very common problem that many women experience. One symptom of urinary incontinence is being unable to hold in urine and having a leak of urine which you can’t stop or control. This may happen when you accomplish something as simple as a cough or laugh, in which case it is known as stress incontinence.

For other ladies feel a sudden urge to urinate, but find nothing comes when they get to the toilet, which is known as urge incontinence.

For other women, they may have difficulty storing urine so there is a frequent leak, or they may find they are passing urine constantly, with absolutely no control at all.

5. Urge Incontinence –

There is uncontrolled urine loss associated with a strong need to go to the bathroom. While the urge to urinate may be gradual, it is often sudden and rapid and occurs without any warning. Urge incontinence cannot be prevented.

In this circumstance, the whole content of the bladder is lost rather than a few drops of urine. An aged person with overactive bladder feel the intense need to urinate and are unable to hold back the urine.

6. Nerve Harm –

The Nerve harm there can be a wide cluster of symptoms. Which ones you may have depended on the location and type of nerves that are affected.

Harmless can occur to nerves in your brain and spinal cord. It can also occur in the peripheral nerves, which are located throughout the rest of your body.

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